At the moment, Mars is under the close supervision of scientists, but this phenomenon can last for months.
Dust storms on Mars radically change the landscape of the planet, as if a landscape designer worked on it. Every 6-8 years they are formed from small local brands, raising a lot of dust into the atmosphere, and can cover the entire planet. NASA showed how Mars changed with the last storm that began on May 30.
Since such a phenomenon occurs infrequently, scientists are still puzzling over how storms form and why they reach such a scale. The last storm on the red planet, which by the way continues so far, has made NASA armed with all possible tools to study it in more detail.
Observations are carried out using the devices THEMIS (Thermal Emission Imaging System) and the Mars satellite (MRO). THEMIS allows scientists to track the temperature on the surface of Mars and the amount of dust in the atmosphere. This makes it possible to observe how the storm grows, evolves and dissipates over time.
“This is one of the biggest phenomena that we saw on Mars. Another example of a dust storm, and this time something clears up, “said Michael Smith, who works with THEMIS.
MRO has two tools for studying the storm. The wide-angle camera Mars Color Imager (MARCI) shoots the planet in the middle of the day to track the evolution of the storm. Meanwhile, the Mars Climate Sounder (MCS) spectrometer records changes in the atmospheric temperature at different heights. Since late May, these instruments have observed the appearance and rapid progress of a dust storm on Mars.
NASA’s assistants also have a MAVEN satellite for studying the atmosphere of Mars, which studies how the storm affected the upper atmosphere (more than 100 km from the surface). And on Mars now is Curiosity. The rover is equipped with instruments for studying dust particles, wind monitoring, and so-called atmospheric tides. Unfortunately, the second rover Opportunity was at the very epicenter of events, and communication with him has not yet been restored.
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